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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Determination and application of stress-based forming limit diagram in
aluminum tube hydroforming
ZHOU Lin (周 林), XUE Ke-min (薛克敏), LI Ping (李 萍)

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China

Abstract:The stress-based forming limit diagram(FLSD) established with limit stress is independent of the strain paths. Compared with traditional strain-based forming limit diagram(FLD), it is more convenient and practical to use as the criterion of forming limit under complex strain paths. The forming limit of 3A21 aluminum alloy sheet was tested and its forming limit diagram(FLD) was determined. Then the FLSD of 3A21 was constituted by transformation formulas between limit strain and limit stress. This FLSD was used in conjunction with LS-DYNA finite element simulations to predict the onset of fracture and limit forming pressure in tube hydroforming. The results indicate that the fracture often occurs in the transition region between corner and straight side of the tube, and the limit forming pressure is 46.4 MPa. The simulation result agrees with the experimental result, and the FLSD is able to predict the forming limit of tube hydroforming with remarkable accuracy.

 

Key words: 3A21 aluminum alloy; hydroforming; fracture; forming limit stress diagram; numerical simulation

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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