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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Effects of minor Sc on microstructure and mechanical properties of Al-Zn-Mg-Zr alloy welded joint
XIAO Jing(肖 静)1, YIN Zhi-min(尹志民)1, LEI Xue-feng(雷学锋)1, 2,
JIANG Feng(姜 锋)1, NIE Bo(聂 波)1, 3, HE Zhen-bo(何振波)1, 3

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. Institute of Aerospace Materials and Technology, Beijing 100076, China;
3. Northeast Light Alloy Co. Ltd., Harbin 150060, China

Abstract:Two kinds of Al-6.0Zn-2.0Mg-0.12Zr and Al-6.0Zn-2.0Mg-0.2Sc-0.12Zr alloy plates were prepared by ingot-metallurgy. The alloy plates with 3 mm thickness were welded by argon shield welding method, and the mechanical properties and microstructures of the two welded joints filled with Al-Mg-Sc welding wire were studied comparatively. The results show that firstly, minor Sc can raise the mechanical properties of the Al-Zn-Mg-Zr base alloy greatly. The reason for the increment is the fine grain strengthening, precipitation strengthening and the substructure strengthening caused by Al3(Sc, Zr). Secondly, η′ phase (MgZn2) and grain size in the heat-affected zone of the alloy without Sc become coarse obviously, the η′ phase (MgZn2) in the heat-affected zone of the alloy with Sc becomes coarse also, but the grain size has no visible change. Al3(Sc, Zr) particles are rather stable and can inhibit the movement of dislocation and sub-grain boundaries, overaging softening is not serious. Thirdly, adding minor Sc can raise the strength of welded joint remarkably, the tensile strength of alloy with Sc increases from 395 MPa to 447 MPa and the welding coefficient increases from 0.7 to 0.8 as well. The reason for the high strength of welded joint with Sc addition is the fine grain strengthening, precipitation strengthening and the increasing of resistance to thermal cycling softening caused by Al3(Sc, Zr).

 

Key words: Al-Zn-Mg-Zr alloy; welding; Sc; microstructure; tensile properties

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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