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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Tool-workpiece interaction and shear layer flow during
friction stir welding of aluminium alloys
Z. W. CHEN, S. CUI

Department of Mechanical and Production Engineering, AUT University, New Zealand

Abstract:Material flow phenomena during friction stir welding (FSW) and the forming mechanism of “onion rings” are complicated and currently not fully understood. In the present FSW study aluminium alloys 5083 and A356, with the latter more readily welded than the former, were used. The experiments were conducted to obtain samples of tool and workpiece “frozen” together during FSW for analysis. Two deposition modes for forming the weld nugget zone were observed, one for each alloy with the present FSW parameters. The first is the deposition of shear layers forming the “onion rings” in 5083 alloy nugget. The tool-workpiece interaction leading to the layer thickness being equal to the ratio of welding speed and tool rotation speed is suggested. The second mode is the combination of depositing the rotational shear material in the lower part on the advancing side and the drag flow of material from the retreating site forming the rest of the A356 nugget. The latter mode resulted in the absence of a clear ring structure.

 

Key words: friction stir welding (FSW); deposition; nugget zone; rotation

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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