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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 9    No. 1    March 1999

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COMPUTER NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF MECHANICAL
PROPERTIES OF TUNGSTEN HEAVY ALLOYS①
Huang Jihua, Cao Zhiwei and Zhou Guo′an

Department of Materials Science and Engineering,
University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing100083, P.R.China

Abstract:A microstructure model of tungsten heavy alloys has been developed. On the basis of the model and several assumptions, the macro-mechanical properties of 90 W heavy alloy under quasi-static tensile deformation and the effects of microstructural parameters (mechanical properties of the matrix phase and tungsten content) on them have been analyzed by computer numerical simulation. The mechanical properties of the alloy have been found to be dependent on the mechanical parameters of the matrix phase. As the elastic modulus and yield strength of the matrix phase increase, the tensile strength of the alloy increases,while the elongation decreases. If the mechanical parameters except the tensile strength of the matrix phase are constant, both the tensile strength and the elongation of the alloy increase linearly with the increase of tensile strength of the matrix phase. The properties of the alloy are very sensitive to the hardening modulus of the matrix phase. As the hardening modulus increases, both the tensile strength and the elongation of the alloy exponentially decrease. The elongation of the alloys monotonically decreases with the increase of tungsten content, while the decrease of tensile strength is not monotonic.When the tungsten content <85%, the strength of tungsten heavy alloys increases with the increase of tungsten content, while decreases when the tungsten content > 85%. The maximum of tensile strength of the alloys appears at the tungsten content of 85%. The results showed that the binder phase with a higher strength and a lower hardening modulus is advantageous to obtaining an optimum combination of mechanical properties of tungsten heavy alloys.

 

Key words: tungsten heavy alloy mechanical property computer numerical simulation

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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