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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 8    No. 1    March 1998

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SIMULATION OF CYLINDRICAL UPSETTING OF POROUS MATERIALS BY FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
Zhang Xingquan1  Peng Yinghong1 and Ruan Xueyu1  Li Miaoquan2  and  Wu Shichun2

1.National Die&Mold CAD Engineering Research Center ShanghaiJiao Tong University, Shanghai200030, P. R. China;
2.North-Western Polytechnical University, Xi’an 710072, P. R. China

Abstract:An important concern in forging of metal material is whether the desired deformation can be accomplished without failure of the work materials. In this paper, based on the plastic theory of porous metal materials, the compressible rigid plastic finite element method(FEM) was used to simulate the deformation processes of cylindrical upsetting of porous metal materials with full account of contact friction boundary conditions(m), the height to diameter ratio(H/D) and the initial relative density(R0). Furthermore, combining the simulation results with the ductile fracture criterion, which is a strain-based criterion obtained by Lee and Kuhn, the critical technological parameters were predicted. This study revealed that larger height to diameter ratio and less friction factor can delay the local strain locus to intersect with the Lee-Kuhn’s fracture line, delaying the occurence of the surface crack. Meanwhile, it revealed that the initial relative density affects little on the forming of the crack. And the results of the finite element method agreed well with the experiment results of Lee and Kuhn.

 

Key words: porous metal materials the critical technological parameters defects

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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