您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

[PDF Download]    [Flash Online]

    

Magnetic properties of multi-walled carbon nanotubes encapsulated
 Fe/Co particles
LI Wei-xue(李维学)1, 2, CUI Yong-fu (崔永福) 1, HAO Yuan(郝  远) 2, CHEN Ti-jun(陈体军) 2,
DAI Jian-feng (戴剑锋) 1, 2, W

1. Department of Physics, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, China;
2. Gansu Key Laboratory of New Nonferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou University of Science and Technology,
Lanzhou 730050, China

Abstract:The experimental apparatus by self-designed was used, Fe/Co particles encapsulated in multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) were prepared by the method of anodic arc discharging plasma. The products were characterized by transmission election microscopy, Raman spectroscopy and X-ray diffractometry. The magnetic properties of the products were characterized with vibration sample magnetometer. The TEM results show that MWCNTs have little impurity and good particles size, and Fe/Co with high continuity encapsulaties in carbon nanotubes. The saturated magnetization (σs), remanence (σm) and coercivity (Hc) of the sample are 17.30 A/(m·kg), 3.96 A/(m·kg) and 31 521.60 A/m, showing better ferromagnetism compared with the bulk Fe/Co. The optimal conditions in this case are as follows: a helium gas atmosphere of 6.0×104 Pa, an arc current of 70 A, a voltage drop of 24 V, a constant distance of about 2 mm between the anodes and cathode, metallic powder contents of Fe and Co of 15.0% (mass fraction) and 15.0%, respectively, and well cooled electrodes and collector. This process is a convenient and effective that Fe/Co particles can be encapsulated in MWCNTs.

 

Key words: multi-walled carbon nanotubes; Fe/Co particles; anodic arc; magnetic properties

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

主管:中华人民共和国教育部 主办:中南大学 中国铁道学会 承办:中南大学
湘ICP备09001153号 版权所有:《铁道科学与工程学报》编辑部
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
地 址:湖南省长沙市韶山南路22号 邮编:410075
电 话:0731-82655133,82656174   传真:0731-82655133   电子邮箱:jrse@mail.csu.edu.cn