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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Preparation of LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2 cathode materials from
spent Li-ion batteries
LI Jian-gang(李建刚)1, ZHANG Qian(张 倩)1, HE Xiang-ming(何向明)2

1. School of Chemical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Petrochemical Technology, Beijing 102617, China;
2. Institute of Nuclear and New Energy Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing100084, China

Abstract:A recycling process including separation of electrode materials by ultrasonic treatment, acid leaching, Fe-removing, precipitation of cobalt, nickel, manganese and lithium has been applied successfully to recycle spent lithium-ion batteries and to synthesize LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2. When ultrasonic treatment with 2-nitroso-4-methylphenol(NMP) at 40 ℃ for 15 min, the electrode materials are separated completely. Above 99% of Co, Ni, Mn and Li, 95% of Fe in the separated electrodes are acid-leached in the optimized conditions of 2 mol/L H2SO4, 1׃2 H2O2׃H2SO4 (molar ratio), 70 ℃, 1׃10 initial S׃L ratio, and 1 h. 99.5% of Fe and less than 1% of Co, Ni, Mn in the leaching solution can be removed in the conditions of initial pH value 2.0−2.5 adjusted by adding 18% Na2CO3, 90 ℃ and stirring time 3 h. After adjusted to be equal by adding NiSO4, CoSO4 and MnSO4 solution, 97.1% of Ni, Co, Mn in the Fe-removing surplus leaching solution can be recovered as Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3(OH)2. 94.5% of Li in the surplus filtrate after the deposition of Co, Ni and Mn can be recovered as Li2CO3. The LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2, prepared from the recovered compounds, is found to have good characteristics of the layered structure and elecrtochemical performance.

 

Key words: recycling process; spent Li-ion batteries; cathode material; LiNi1/3Co1/3Mn1/3O2

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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