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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Synthesis and electrochemical behavior of LiCoO2 recycled fromincisors bound of Li-ion batteries
LIU Yun-jian(刘云建), HU Qi-yang(胡启阳), LI Xin-hai(李新海),
GUO Hua-jun(郭华军), WANG Zhi-xing(王志兴)

School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:LiCoO2 was separated from Al foil with dimethyl acetamide(DMAC), and then polyvinylidene fluoride(PVDF) and carbon powders in active material were eliminated by high temperature calcining. The content of the elements in the recovered powders were analyzed. Then the Li2CO3 was added in recycled powders to adjust molar ratio of Li to Co to 1.00, 1.03 and 1.05, respectively. The new LiCoO2 was obtained by calcining the mixture at 850 ℃ for 12 h in air. Structure and morphology of the recycled powders and resulted sample were observed by XRD and SEM technique, respectively. The layered structure of the LiCoO2 is improved with the decrease of molar ratio of Li to Co. The charge/discharge performance, and cyclic voltammograms performance were studied. The recycle-synthesized LiCoO2 powders, whose molar ratio of Li to Co is 1.0, is found to have the best characteristics as cathode material in terms of charge—discharge capacity and cycling performance. And the cyclic voltammograms(CV) curve shows the lithium extraction/insertion characteristics of the LiCoO2 well.

 

Key words: LiCoO2; synthesis; electrochemical behavior; cyclic voltammograms

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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