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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Comparison of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 cathode materials prepared bydifferent coprecipitation methods
SUN Qiang(孙 强), WANG Zhi-xing(王志兴), LI Xin-hai(李新海),
GUO Hua-jun(郭华军), PENG Wen-jie(彭文杰)

School of Metallurgical Science and Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 was synthesized by two different coprecipitation methods: composite carbonate process and composite hydroxide method. The effects of calcination temperature of precursors on the physical properties and electrochemical performance of the samples were investigated. The results of scanning electron microscopy(SEM) show that as calcination temperature increases, the crystallinity of the samples is improved, and their grain sizes are obviously increased. X-Ray diffraction(XRD) data show that the LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 compounds obtained by two coprecipitation methods both exhibit a pure cubic spinel structure without any impurities. Furthermore, it is found that the samples prepared with relatively high temperature precursors present large initial discharge capacity (>125 mA∙h/g) and excellent cycling stability with a capacity retention rate larger than 91% after 30 cycles at current density of 1 C. This probably derives from their higher crystallinity and larger grain sizes. However, the initial discharge capacity of LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 synthesized by composite carbonate process is smaller than that prepared by composite carbonate process, but it shows better capacity retention ability.

 

Key words: lithium ion battery; LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4; coprecipitation method; precursor; spinel

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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