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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Effects of Al partial substitution for Ni on properties of LaNi5−xAlx
CAO Da-li(曹大力)1, CHENG Hong-hui(程宏辉)2, MA Lei(马  雷)1, CHEN De-min(陈德敏)2,
 LÜ Man-qi(吕曼祺)2, YANG Ke(杨 

1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Shenyang Institute of Chemical Technology,
Shenyang 110141, China;
2. Institute of Metal Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shenyang 110016, China

Abstract:The hydrogen storage properties of four LaNi5−xAlx (x = 0.25, 0.50, 0.75, 1.00) pseudobinary alloys were systematically studied. The characteristics of microstructure before and after hydrogenation, activation, kinetics and thermodynamics properties, as well the anti-combustibility properties of the four pseudobinary alloys were investigated. The results reveal that the alloys have excellent activation properties and kinetics properties. X-ray diffraction analysis of crystal lattice of the alloys show that the crystal structures of alloys do not change with the addition of Al in the range of 0≤x≤1, but the lattice constants slightly increase. It is found by measuring thermodynamic properties of the alloy-H2 systems that with increasing x value the equilibrium pressure, hydrogen-absorbing ability and hysteresis decrease, whereas the absolute value of the enthalpy increases. It is also found that the hydrogen absorbing velocity of the alloys decreases with increasing x value.

 

Key words: hydrogen storage; LaNi5−xAlx alloy; kinetics property; thermodynamics property; crystal lattice parameter

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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