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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Performance of La1−xSrxCr1−yMnyO3−δ anode materials for intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cell
CHEN Xiu-hua(陈秀华)1, MA Wen-hui(马文会)2, 3, YANG Bin(杨 斌)2, 3, DAI Yong-nian(戴永年)2, 3

1. Faculty of Physical Science and Technology, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China;
2. Faculty of Materials and Metallurgical Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology,
Kunming 650093, China;
3. National Engineering Laboratory for Vacuum Metallurgy, Kunming 650093, China

Abstract:La1−xSrxCr1−yMnyO3−δ(LSCM) anode materials were synthesized by glycine nitrate process(GNP). Thermo-gravimetric analysis(TGA) and differential scanning calorimetric(DSC) methods were adopted to investigate the reaction process of LSCM anode materials. The oxides prepared were characterized via X-ray diffraction(XRD), scanning electron microscope and energy dispersive spectroscopy(SEM-EDS), direct current four-electrode and temperature process reduction(TPR) techniques. XRD patterns indicate that perovskite phase created after the precursor was sintered at 1 000 ℃ for 5 h, and single perovskite-type oxides formed after the precursor were sintered at 1 200 ℃ for 5 h. The powders are micrometer size after sintering at 1 000 ℃ and 1 200 ℃, respectively. The conductivities of LSCM samples increase linearly with increasing the temperature from 250 ℃ to 850 ℃ in air and the maximum value is 32 S/cm for La0.7Sr0.3Cr0.5Mn0.5O3−δ. But it is lower about two orders of magnitude in pure hydrogen or methane than that of the same sample in the air. TPR result indicates that LSCM offers excellently catalytic performance.

 

Key words: La1−xSrxCr1−yMnyO3−δ; anode materials; glycine nitrate process; intermediate temperature solid oxide fuel cells; properties

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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