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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Performance of positive and negative electrodes in
amorphous manganese oxide supercapacitor
ZHANG Ying(张  莹)1, LIU Kai-yu(刘开宇)1, 2, ZHANG Wei(张  伟)1, SU Geng(苏  耿)2

1. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China;
2. State Key Laboratory of Powder Metallurgy, Central South University, Changsha 410083, China

Abstract:Using potassium permanganate and acetic manganese as the reactants, amorphous manganese oxide was prepared with mechanochemical method. XRD was used for microstructure characterization, while cyclic voltammetry and constant current charge-discharge were used for electrochemical performance testing. The positive electrode (PE) and negative electrode (NE) were investigated respectively in amorphous manganese oxide supercapacitor, aiming to find their different performances in charging-discharging. The results show that the crystalline structure is destroyed in both the PE and NE material during charge-discharge process. Thereinto, the NE suffers a bit more seriously. When cycling, the PE potential scope diminishes while the NE potential scope enlarges. The increased inner resistance makes the NE curves almost bended to be a right angle, but not the PE curves. The cell’s equivalent series resistance (ESR) is more dependent on the NE, and the capacitance is mainly determined by the rapid descent of the NE potential range. The capacitances of the NE are highly rate-dependent, decreasing from 121.3 to 53.1 F/g, by 56.2%, over the range of 5−25 mV/s. However, the PE appears to be weakly dependent and its capacitance is only dropped by 22.1%.

 

Key words: amorphous manganese oxide; pseudo capacitor; positive electrode; negative electrode

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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