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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

Vol. 17    Special 1    November 2007

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Catalytic activity of Au/Fe-PILC and Au/Fe-oxide catalysts for
catalytic combustion of formaldehyde
LI Chang-yan (李常艳)1, SHEN Yue-nian (沈岳年)1, HU Rui-sheng (胡瑞生)1,
LI Pei-pei (李沛培)2, ZHANG Jun (张  军)1

1. College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Inner Mongolia University, Huhhot 010021, China;
2. Lanzhou Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730050, China

Abstract:Iron polymeric hydroxygroups pillared clays (Fe-PILC) were prepared by Na+-montmorillonite with iron pillaring agent. 2.01Au/Fe-PILC catalyst was obtained by deposited-precipitation (DP) method. 2.52Au/Fe-oxide catalyst was prepared by co-precipitation method. The catalytic activity of these catalysts was measured by catalytic combustion of formaldehyde. The catalyst of 2.01Au/Fe-PILC exhibits the high catalytic activity. The catalytic combustion reaction of formaldehyde proceeds at considerable rates at 20 ℃ and complete burn-off of formaldehyde is achieved at 120 ℃. The structure of catalysts, the valence state of gold and the size of gold particles were investigated by means of X-ray powder diffractometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The results show that gold atoms with partially positive charge exist in the catalyst and play an important role in the catalytic activity. In addition, nano-sized, well-dispersed gold particles and good adsorption properties of support are necessary to obtain high activity Au catalysts for catalytic combustion of formaldehyde.

 

Key words: Au/Fe-PILC catalyst; catalytic combustion of formaldehyde; gold with positive charge; gold nanocrystals

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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