Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China
JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING
|Vol. 2 No. 4 November 1992|
（Institute of Chemical Metallurgy, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100080, China）
Abstract:The kinetics of solvent,extraction of aluminum with di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid (DEHPA) in n-heptane have been studied in a constant interfacial area cell. A HCl-KHC8H404 (potassium biphthalate> KHL) buffer solution was used to maintain a constant pH during extraction. The effects of the concentration of aluminum, pH,the concentration of the extractant, the interfacial area and the temperature on the extraction rate were investigated. A method has been invented to determine amont of the extracted aluminum in the organic phase with 8-hydroxyquinoline. Aased on calculation of the coordination states of the aluminum ions and their contribution to the reaction rate, a raaction mechanism which includes two main reaction paths, has been proposed to describe the process. One path starts from Al(H2O)63+，and the other starts from Al(H2O)4L+. The reaction could take place both in the aqueous phase and at the interface. The main reaction region could be changed as the conditions of extraction were changed. When [HA] < 0.03 mol / L the process was controlled by the interfacial reaclion, and when [HA]>0.03 mol / L it was shifted to a homogeneous aqueous solution reaction.
Key words: aluminum solvent extraction kinetics constant interfacial area cell di-2-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid.