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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

第9卷    第3期    总第47期    2012年6月

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文章编号:1672-7029( 2012) 03-0039-06
软弱围岩中桥隧搭接多源损伤影响因素分析
孙广臣1,2,傅鹤林1,何山3,巢万里1,谭捍华4

(1.中南大学土木工程学院,湖南长沙410075; 2.中冶长天国际工程有限责任公司,湖南长沙410007;
3.湖南交通职业技术学院,湖南长沙410004; 4.贵州省交通规划勘察设计研究院,贵州贵阳550001
)

摘 要: 对软弱围岩( Ⅳ和Ⅴ级) 中的桥隧搭接工程进行了室内模型试验研究和影响因素分析。研究结果表明: 桥隧搭接工程在其施工及运营中的力学行为及多源损伤情况受围岩等级、桥梁跨径及基础形式、搭接长度、汽车荷载等级及汽车冲击等的影响,长期状态下易导致桥梁、隧道衬砌各关键部位的结构损伤,对桥梁结构、隧道衬砌、桥台与桩基础的耐久性以及洞口围岩的稳定性不利; 为防止桥、隧各关键部位因不利作用而损伤甚至破坏,避免洞口围岩出现失稳、坍塌及滑坡等病害,应对桥、隧及围岩关键部位局部加强,且宜采用桩基础、减小桥梁跨径、加大搭接长度、减小汽车荷载及其冲击影响。

 

关键字: 桥隧搭接; 室内模型试验; 桥梁; 隧道; 软弱围岩; 力学行为; 多源损伤

Influence factors analysis on multiple source damages of bridge and tunnel lap joint project in weak surrounding rock
SUN Guang-chen1,2,FU He-lin1,HE Shan3,CHAO Wan-li1,TAN Han-hua4

1.School of Civil Engineering,Central South University,Changsha 410075,China;
2.Zhongye Changtian International Engineering Co.Ltd.,Changsha 410007,China;
3.Hunan Communication Polytechnic,Changsha 410004,China;
4.Guizhou Provincial Institute of Planning,Prospecting and Designing of Communications Infrastructures,Guiyang 550001,China

Abstract:Indoor model tests and influence factors analysis were carried out on bridge and tunnel lap joint project in weak surrounding rocks ( grade Ⅳ or Ⅴ) .The results show that: The mechanical behaviors and multiple source damages during the construction and post operation stage can be influenced by surrounding rock grade,bridge span and foundation style,length of lap joint period,vehicle loads and impacts etc.,which for the long run,may not only cause structure damages of bridge or tunnel key parts,but also do harm to the durability of bridge,tunnel lining,abutment and its pile foundation or the stability of surrounding rocks nearby the tunnel entrance.In order to avoid the damages or even destructions due to various kinds of harmful effects,and decrease or reduce the oversize settlement of side or upper slopes nearby the entrance and the occurrence of instability ,collapse or slide of slope,some key parts of bridge,tunnel lining and rocks or side and upper slopes nearby the entrance should be strengthened,along with the adoption of pile foundation,the reduction of bridge span,the lengthening of lap joint period,the avoidance of oversize vehicle loads and impacts etc.

 

Key words: bridge and tunnel lap joint projects; indoor model test; bridge; tunnel; weak surrounding rock; mechanical behavior; multiple source damage

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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