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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

第9卷    第6期    总第50期    2012年12月

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文章编号:1672-7029(2012) 06-0072-05
高速列车受电弓绝缘子的气动噪声计算及外形优化
肖友刚1,时彧2

(1.中南大学交通运输工程学院,湖南长沙410075;
2.湖南科技大学机电工程学院,湖南湘潭411201
)

摘 要: 采用大涡模拟法和FW-H 方程计算截面为矩形、圆形、椭圆形时受电弓绝缘子的气动噪声,确定了优化的受电弓绝缘子截面形状。研究结果表明:对同一个模型,噪声在各声接收点的分布规律基本相同,只是幅值不同; 对不同模型,声压在各声接收点的分布规律不同;绝缘子截面从矩形→圆形→椭圆形,最大声压所在的频率区逐渐降低; 从降低气动噪声的角度出发,优化的绝缘子截面形状应该是椭圆形,且椭圆的长轴应跟气流流向一致; 加大受电弓零部件尺寸,减少受电弓零部件数量,有利于降低受电弓的气动噪声。

 

关键字: 高速列车;受电弓绝缘子;气动噪声;外形优化

Aerodynamic noise calculation and shape optimization of high-speed train pantograph insulators
XIAO You-gang1,SHI Yu2

1.College of Traffic and Transportation Engineering,Central South University,Changsha 410075,China;
2.College of Mechanical and Electrical Engineering,Hunan University of Science and Technology,Xiangtan 411201,China

Abstract:By using large eddy simulation and FW-H equation,the aerodynamic noises radiated from pantograph insulators were calculated,including rectangular,circular,oval-shaped cross-section insulators,the optimized cross-section shape was confirmed.The results show that in the same model,the sound pressure level ( SPL) distribution at each sound receiver point from different sound receivers is basically the same,but the amplitude is reduced with the increase of distance from insulators.In different models,the SPL distribution is different at each frequency point.From rectangular,circular to oval shaped cross-section model,the freguency of the maximum SPL gradually reduces.For reducing aerodynamic noise,the oval section insulator is optimal,and the long oval axis should be consistent with the air flow.The pantograph with bigger parts size and less parts number is helpful to reduce the aerodynamic noise.

 

Key words: high-speed trains; pantograph insulators; aerodynamic noise; shape optimization

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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