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铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

第12卷    第1期    总第63期    2015年2月

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文章编号:1672-7029(2015)01-0105-08
Q345qD桥梁钢对接焊缝疲劳裂纹扩展性能试验研究
宗亮,施刚,王元清,廖小伟

(土木工程安全与耐久教育部重点实验室,清华大学 土木工程系,北京 100084)

摘 要: 为采用断裂力学方法对既有钢桥焊接细节进行疲劳评估,对6.1,10.0和23.5 mm的Q345qD桥梁钢对接焊缝进行疲劳裂纹扩展速率试验和疲劳裂纹扩展门槛值测定试验,基于两种数据处理方法得到了不同厚度、不同应力比下的疲劳裂纹扩展速率参数。试验结果表明:在通常的应力强度因子幅值范围(10~70 MPa·m0.5)内,基于单试件数据点的处理结果对应的裂纹扩展速率明显高于基于成组数据点的处理结果;Q345qD对接焊缝的疲劳裂纹扩展速率随应力比增加而增加;本批次的Q345qD对接焊缝的疲劳裂纹扩展性能优于BS7910中给出的通用钢材疲劳裂纹扩展性能;Q345qD对接焊缝疲劳扩展门槛值随应力比增加而降低,并给出了门槛值随应力比变化的公式。

 

关键字: Q345qD;对接焊缝;桥梁钢;疲劳裂纹扩展速率;疲劳扩展门槛值

Experimental study on fatigue crack behavior of Q345qD bridge steel butt welds
ZONG Liang, SHI Gang, WANG Yuanqing, LIAO Xiaowei

Key Laboratory of Civil Engineering Safety and Durability, Ministry of Education, Department of Civil Engineering,
Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China

Abstract:The experimental study on fatigue crack growth rate and threshold of butt welds for Q345qD plates of 6.1, 10.0 and 23.5 mm thickness was performed, aiming to implement fatigue assessment of welded structural details of existing steel bridges based on fracture mechanics. Two data processing methods were employed to derive fatigue crack growth parameters with 95% guarantee. It turns out that the fatigue crack growth rate based on data of each specimen is larger than that based on group method of data handling in terms of normal stress intensity range (10~70 MPa·m0.5). The fatigue crack growth rate will increase as the stress ratio increases. For Q345qD butt welds of this batch, the fatigue crack growth rate is slower than the universal steel performance provided by BS7910. The fatigue crack growth threshold will decrease with the increase of the stress ratio, and the quantitative relationship is also developed in this paper.

 

Key words: Q345qD; butt weld; bridge steel; fatigue crack growth rate; fatigue crack growth threshold

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

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