您目前所在的位置:首页 - 期刊简介 - 详细页面

铁道科学与工程学报

JOURNAL OF RAILWAY SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING

第12卷    第1期    总第63期    2015年2月

[PDF全文下载]    [Flash在线阅读]

    

文章编号:1672-7029(2015)01-0196-07
城市轨道交通客流突增研究
王俊杰,谭倩,王璞

(中南大学 交通运输工程学院,湖南 长沙 410075)

摘 要: 基于北京地铁工作日的刷卡数据和北京地铁网络GIS数据,以网络流理论为支撑,挖掘地铁在平日稳定客流下的小时时段使用规律。提出轨道交通区间断面客流计算方法,量化轨道交通拥挤程度,并发现在客流高峰期,不同站点突增等量客流对城市轨道交通网络的影响有着巨大的差异。针对突增客流应对能力较弱的站点,结合站点客流分布基尼系数,提出相应的对策与措施,为城市轨道交通运营管理打开了新思路并提供信息支持。

 

关键字: 城市轨道交通;突增客流;拥挤程度;基尼系数

Analysis of surging passenger flow in urban rail transit network
WANG Junjie, TAN Qian, WANG Pu

School of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, Central South University, Changsha 410075, China

Abstract:Based on daily subway card data and rail transit network GIS data collected in Beijing, the hourly usage pattern of Beijing rail transit was estimated under the condition of stable passenger flow using the network flow theory. In this paper, a calculation method was proposed to compute the cross sectional passenger flow, quantify the network''''s degree of congestion and discover that, in passenger flow peak hours, when adding the same number of passenger flow to the rail transit network, the impacts are tremendous different. In addition, combined with the Gini coefficient of passenger flow distribution, corresponding strategies and measures were put forward for those stations which own a weak capability in dealing with surging passenger flow. These findings provide new thought and information support for the operation and management of urban rail transit networks, and have significant meanings in improving the safety and comfortableness of urban rail transit network.

 

Key words: urban rail transit; surging passenger flow; degree of congestion; Gini coefficient

ISSN 1672-7029
CN 43-1423/U

主管:中华人民共和国教育部 主办:中南大学 中国铁道学会 承办:中南大学
湘ICP备09001153号 版权所有:《铁道科学与工程学报》编辑部
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
地 址:湖南省长沙市韶山南路22号 邮编:410075
电 话:0731-82655133,82656174   传真:0731-82655133   电子邮箱:jrse@mail.csu.edu.cn